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03:51 _ 06-12-2019

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I. The meaning of his name:

The translation for the Sanskrit term A-Nan-Da, means happiness. Because:

1. He was born on the date the Shakyamuni attained enlightenment, the happiest day for all human beings.

2. He was the son of King Hộc Phạn, the younger brother of king Suddhodana (Tịnh Phạn). Hộc Phạn is a very compassionate king. Therefore, everybody in the country celebrated when Prince A-Nan-Da was born. A-Nan-Da always attended the Buddha's teaching sessions. He is a cousin of Buddha. He was personal attendant to the Buddha.

II. His past life:

In Lang Nghiem written: In past life, Ananda and Gautama Buddha were close friends. They practiced the good conduct. Ananda liked literature and did not spend much time in practicing while the Gautama was always practicing diligently. Ananda benefited from the past life by being born into the Thich family and became a cousin of the Gautama Buddha. He left home and was accepted into the Order at the age of 25.

III. His success and the admiration of Buddhists:

1. Because he had tried very hard to enrich his wisdom in his past life, he was very intelligent in his present life. He was honored as the most intellectual person of all Buddha's disciples.

2. He was accredited with convincing Buddha to admit ladies into the Order as Bhikkhunis or female devotees. Therefore, in the Nirvana, Buddha said that on the 8th of December(Ananda's birthday) the female Buddhists must always pay tribute to him.

3. He was the 2nd master after Kashtapa (Ca Diếp). He stood on the right side of Buddha.

4. In the 1st convention and council of the Shanga after Buddha's death, the Buddhist scriptures were recorded due to his excellent memory of the Buddha's sermons.

5. In the beginning of every sutra, we always see the sentence "Như Thị Ngã Văn (I heard like this)" in the beginning of a sentence, this means that the sutra was recorded from the memory of Ananda.He is most remembered for his recitation of Buddha's teachings. The Bhikkhunis always remember what ever he did. His statue is on the right side of Buddha.

Chánh Thiện

1.     Ngài Ma Ha Ca Diếp - Ma-Ha Ca-Diep

2.     Ngài A Nan Ðà - A Nan Da

3.     Ngài Nguyên Thiều - NguyenThieu

4.     Ngài Liễu Quán - LieuQuan

5.     Bốn Sự Thật Cao Thượng(Tứ Diệu Ðế) - The Four Noble Truths

6.     Mười Hai Nhân Duyên (Thập nhị nhân duyên) - The Principle of The Dependent Origination (Paticca samuppada)

7.     Tám Chánh Ðạo - The Eight-Fold Noble Path

8.     Kinh Mười Ðiều Thiện - The Sutra of The Ten good deeds

9.     Thiện Ác Nghiệp Báo  - Karma

10.  Sáu Ðộ - The Six Perfections

11.  Phép Quán Tưởng và Niệm Phật - The Methods of Meditating on Buddha

12.  Bát Quan Trai - The Eight Retreat Precepts

13.  Phật Giáo Việt Nam Từ Ðời Trần đến Cận Ðại - Buddhism in Vietnam from The Tran Dynasty to Present

14.  Tình Thần Không Chấp Thủ, Tinh Thần Tùy Duyên Bất Biến

15.  Phật Giáo Là Triết Học Hay là Một Tôn Giáo?

16.  Quan Ðiểm Của Phật Giáo Về Con Người - Vấn Ðề Tâm Vật Trong Ðạo Phật -  Buddhist viewpoint On Human Beings. About Spirit and Matter In The Buddhism 

17.  Quan Ðiểm Của Phật Giáo Về Vũ Trụ - Vấn Ðề Nguyên Nhân Ðầu Tiên - Buddhism's Viewpoint ON The Universe The First Cause