Hiện Đang Truy Cập

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01:57 _ 19-08-2019

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liễu Quán

I. Native:

Liễu Quán whose layname was Lê Thiệt Diệu, was born in Båc Mã village, Đồng Xuân county and Phú Yên province. His mother died when he was six years old. His father gave him consent to enter the Order. His master was the Most Venerable Tự Viên, a Chinese.

II. His years of practicing Buddhism:

After 7 years with the Order, his master died. He then moved to Thuận hóa province to continue his studies under guidance of the Most Venerable Giác Phong in the Bảo Quốc Temple. A year later, in 1691, he returned home to care for his father. After his father past away in 1695, he went back Thuận hóa and was ordained as a Buddhist novice (Sramana, beginning Buddhist monk who practice 10 precepts) by the Most Venerable Thạch Liêm. In 1679, he was accepted for Upasampada (ordination) by the Most Venerable Tử Lâm. Begin in 1699, he traveled to many meditation centers to prove himself in practicing Buddhism. In 1702 he practiced meditation under the guidance of the Most Venerable Tử Dung in the Long Sơn Temple. Between 1733 and 1735, he attended 4 big meeting of Bhikkus. In 1740 he headed the Long Hoa ordination. He then went to Thiên Thai mountain to build a small pagoda to practice Buddhism by himself. His pagoda later became the Thuyền Tôn temple. In 1742, knowing he was close to death, he gathered all his disciples and said: "the dependent-arising (nhân duyên) is over, I am going to die." When his disciples cried, he asked: "Why do you have to cry? The Buddhas that have been born have also gone to nirvana, I know where I came from and where I am going to go; you need not cry nor be sad." He then said: "Over 70 years living in this universe

The emptiness and the forms are same Today, I'll return to where I come from It is not necessary to know who I am." After that he said: "After I die, you need to think nothing is forever, study hard, and never forget my words." On November 22, 1742, after a cup of tea, he said good-by to his disciples and died. King Minh Vương entitled him as Đạo Hạnh Thụy (An outstanding moral venerable) "Chánh Giác Viên Ngữ". He was the 35th successor of Lâm Tế branch and the founder of Thiên Thai Thuyền Tôn temple (Huế).

III. His contributions to Buddhism:

Liễu Quán was an outstanding master. He brought the influence of the Lâm Tế branch from Central Vietnam to South of Vietnam. He was the founder of Liễu Quán branch. He is the first master of Vietnamese Buddhist. The Liễu Quán branch continues to expand and the Buddhist names are given according to the following words:" Thiệt Tế đại đạo, tánh hải thanh trừng, Tâm nguyên quảng nhuận, Đức bổ từ phong, Giới định phước huệ, Thể dụng viên thong, Vỉnh siêu trí quả, Mật khế thành công, Truyền tri diệu lý, Diễn xương chánh tong, Hạnh giải tương ưng, Giác ngộ chân không " The current words being used as the beginning of Buddhist names are Tâm, Nguyên and Quảng.

Chánh Thiện

1.     Ngài Ma Ha Ca Diếp - Ma-Ha Ca-Diep

2.     Ngài A Nan Ðà - A Nan Da

3.     Ngài Nguyên Thiều - NguyenThieu

4.     Ngài Liễu Quán - LieuQuan

5.     Bốn Sự Thật Cao Thượng(Tứ Diệu Ðế) - The Four Noble Truths

6.     Mười Hai Nhân Duyên (Thập nhị nhân duyên) - The Principle of The Dependent Origination (Paticca samuppada)

7.     Tám Chánh Ðạo - The Eight-Fold Noble Path

8.     Kinh Mười Ðiều Thiện - The Sutra of The Ten good deeds

9.     Thiện Ác Nghiệp Báo  - Karma

10.  Sáu Ðộ - The Six Perfections

11.  Phép Quán Tưởng và Niệm Phật - The Methods of Meditating on Buddha

12.  Bát Quan Trai - The Eight Retreat Precepts

13.  Phật Giáo Việt Nam Từ Ðời Trần đến Cận Ðại - Buddhism in Vietnam from The Tran Dynasty to Present

14.  Tình Thần Không Chấp Thủ, Tinh Thần Tùy Duyên Bất Biến

15.  Phật Giáo Là Triết Học Hay là Một Tôn Giáo?

16.  Quan Ðiểm Của Phật Giáo Về Con Người - Vấn Ðề Tâm Vật Trong Ðạo Phật -  Buddhist viewpoint On Human Beings. About Spirit and Matter In The Buddhism 

17. Quan Ðiểm Của Phật Giáo Về Vũ Trụ - Vấn Ðề Nguyên Nhân Ðầu Tiên - Buddhism's Viewpoint ON The Universe The First Cause